Bukhara

Bukhara"Sacred Bukhara"... Already one this word-combination speaks about a special place of a city in culture of the Islamic world. Throughout centuries the city was a place of the sermon of imam Al-Buhari, Al-Gizhduvani, Sayfeddin Boharzy, Bahauddin Nakshbandi. In Х-ХI centuries Bukhara was a capital of state of Samanids, with ХVI centuries - capital of Bukhara khanate. After overthrow in 1920 of last Bukhara emir in khanate territory the Bukhara Republic has been proclaimed. In 1925 of the earth of Bukhara was a part of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, and after declaration of independence in 1991 - in Republic Uzbekistan structure. The historical centre of Bukhara is entered in the list the World Heritage of UNESCO.


Age of Bukhara, and it without the small makes 2500, says that Bukhara along with Rome and other most ancient cities is a civilization cradle. According to a legend, the most ancient monument of Bukhara is well Iova - Chashma-Ajub and citadel Ark, at which gate a tomb of cult hero Sijavush. There is a version that the name "Bukhara" occurs from sogdian words "buhark", that "the happy place" means. About culture and development says that fact, that in II century BC in Bukhara minted coins. In VII century the Bukhara union of princedoms was headed by the governor with a title buhar-hudat which has reconstructed Ark under the plan of constellation of the Big She-bear on what historian Narshahi has informed.

 

In the beginning of VIII century the Arabian commander ibn Kuteyba has grasped Bukhara and has constructed in it the first mosque - Bana Hanzal. In the end of IХ centuries Arabs were plunged, the Central Asian Entre Rios is released from aggressors and in this territory there is a state of Samanids with capital in Bukhara. For this time the city and suburb strongly expand. High walls which have remained up to now reliably protect Bukhara, its trading people and crafters. The part of a wall and a collar of medieval Bukhara Up to now have remained.

 

  • Ark - a citadel (I-XX centuries)
  • Ensemble Gaukushan (XVI century)
  • Ensemble Kosh Medrese (XVI century)
  • Ensemble Ljabi-hauz (beg. XVI-XVII century)
  • Ensemble Sing-kaljan (XII-XVI century)
  • Mausoleum of Samanids (X century)
  • Mausoleum Chashma Ayub (XII century)
  • Midrise Abdulla-khan (XVI century)
  • Midrise Kulba-Kukeldash (XVI century)
  • Midrise Miri-Arab (XVI century)
  • Midrise Modari-khan (XVI century)
  • Midrise Nadir Divanbegi (XVI century)
  • Midrise Chor Minor (beg. XIX century)
  • Midrise Abdulaziz-khan (XVII century)
  • Midrise of Ulugbek (XV century)
  • Minaret Kalyan (XII century)
  • Mosque Kalyan (XV century)
  • Mosque Baland (XV-XIX centuries)
  • Mosque Bolo-Hauz (XVIII-XX centuries)
  • Mosque Magoki-Attari (X-XVI centuries)
  • Varahshansky palace (V-IX centuries)