Some about Iran

History of Iran often divide into two periods: before Muslim and Muslim. Islamization of Iranian society has led to fundamental changes of its cultural, social and political structure. However and after Islam acceptance former cultural wealth has not disappeared at all. Moreover, they have made strong impact on new culture arising in the country which some scientists name Iranian Islam. In modern Iran many remain before Muslim traditions and ceremonies. Throughout 16 centuries after an Arab-Islamic gain attempts to revive ancient traditions were repeatedly undertaken. Last from such attempts has been undertaken in board of dynasty of Pahlavi. Tours to Iran well enough accomplished and flights to Iran are very comfortable. So tourists may enjoy their vacation.Iran


     Midyans and Persians. The history of the Iranian statehood can be begun with Kir II, the founder of dynasty of Akhemenids (550-330 BC) which the first has united two largest indo-Iranian breeding unions - Midyans and Persians. Still earlier, before occurrence of the Persian state, midyans, Ecbatana located in vicinities of modern Hamadan was whose capital, have reached high level of the political organization, having thrown down to a challenge to Assyrians and in 612 BC having grasped capital of Ancient Assyria Neneviya.


     Expansion of the Persian kingdom has begun at Kir II which, according to a legend retold by Greek historian Ksenofont, was also the grandson of the king of the Mussel on a parent line, and has proceeded at its successors, especially at Dariy I. In the highest power of the state of its border were stretched to Asia Minor, the Central Asia, Egypt and a valley of Indus. To the major historical and archaeological monuments of epoch of Akhemenids ruins of their capital of Persepolis, or as it names Iranians, Tehte-Dzhemshid belong; tomb of Kir II in Pasargadae and Behistun inscription of Dariy cut on a rock I. Persepolis has been burnt by Alexander the Great after conquest of Iran by it, that has put an end to the state of Akhemenids. A number of historians believes, that ancient Persian prophet Zaratushtra lived and preached in initial years of board of dynasty of Akhemenids. Strong influence on Akhemenids, subdued people widely using talents, was rendered by advanced culture of Mesopotamia. Thus Akhemenids have brought also own considerable contribution to development of a civilization of the extensive region stretched from India to Egypt. Akhemenids the first have developed the concept of the world government and the world state.


     Written certificates of epoch of Akhemenids practically have not remained, as Alexander the Great has ordered to translate all Iranian products on Greek and Coptic languages and to destroy originals, including Avesta, the sacred book of Zoroastrians.
     In Islamic Republic Iran tourism does the first steps. Long time this surprising state has been closed for foreigners. However the wind of changes has mentioned also this country having richest historical and the cultural heritage.


    Iran Acquaintance to Iran begins with capital. In Teheran the nation Palace (a palace of former Iranian shah Pahlavi), the Museum Forcemeat (hardly probable not the greatest here is presented in the world a collection of carpets) and Ajatolly Khomeini's house, the religious leader, made the big impact on Moslems of all world are worthy. All visitors simplicity of dwelling of this not ordinary person, just as shakes the grandiose mausoleum on its tomb in vicinities of Teheran.


     From the Iranian capital to Isfahan about 500 km, hardly more than 30 minutes will be occupied with flight on flight of local airline. Ancient Isfahan is famous for the mosques and midrise (religious educational institutions), shaking minarets ("Manary djunbon") and east markets. Tourists are delighted both amazement by color tiles and internal furniture of mosques. And, certainly, the most magnificent hotel in Iran - five-stars Abbacy Hotel, the present museum. Numbers here are covered by the Persian carpets of manual work, and the furniture represents the present work of art...

In the country there are no the hotels belonging to known hotel chains, but local anything they are not conceded, and in some cases even surpass. Approximately in 900 km to the south from Teheran there is Shiraz most visited among the Iranian country towns. Here go, mainly, because of Persepolis – ancient Persian city which have arisen in VI-V centuries BC And were capital of huge empire of Akhemenids. Persepolis in Iran - the same, that Baalbek in Lebanon, Palmira to Syria or Peter in Jordan. In Persepolis the rests of a palace complex, cult constructions and many other things have remained. In Pasargad (near to a city) there is a tomb of great Kir, the legendary Persian governor. And still Shiraz is known as literature and culture capital. After all here created products Hafiz, Saadi and other well-known east poets. Mausoleums of Hafiz and Saadi also are included into number of the most visited places of Iran.


     Other not less known east thinker and the doctor - Avicenna - is buried in Hamadan which was once capital of Map of Iranan ancient Mussel. And to this day this city involves travelers with beautiful architectural monuments. Recently West Europeans come in Yazd, a city to 400 km to the northeast from Shiraz is more often. Interest to him speaks not only unique mosques, but also that Yazd - the centre of zoorastrizm - religion of fire prostration which existed in Iran to Moslem. From Yazd tourists can go to Kerman, world capital of carpets. It is considered, that the best Persian carpets of manual work do here, here again them most favorably to buy. Special conversation on religious tourism. Many Iranian firms offer pilgrim rounds on the most known Muslim centers and relics. Their number includes the Godfather, Meshed and Shiraz.