Iran`s national parks

In Iran there are some natural national parks having world value and very attractive to tourists from all world and we would like on more detailed to tell to you about them:

NATIONAL PARK "Kevir"
     National park in the west of Big Hydrochloric desert (Deshte-Kevir), around salty lake Derjacheje-Nemek. It is organised in 1964, the area of 700 thousand in hectares. Protects natural complexes of deserted thickets of a saxaul and tamarisk, and also wormwood and salty deserts. From rare species of mammals in park there is onager, middle Asian gazelle, a gazelle, a cheetah and a large steppe cat-karakal, and from birds — the extremely rare in Iran the drofa-beauty.

Caracal
     Caracal— the close relative all a known lynx. But, unlike this wild wood cat, it lives usually in steppe and semi deserted landscapes because of what it sometimes call «steppe lynx». Among the cat's predators karakal not the biggest, but also not the smallest. At length it reaches about 70 sm, and with a tail — almost 1 m, weighs about 12 kg. Outwardly this steppe cat bears a faint resemblance to a lynx, only with more harmonious and long feet. Reddish-sandy coloring of a skin of caracal is recovered by only black specks on a muzzle and the ears which ends decorate long brushes.


     Dexterity and speed of caracal far surpasses a lynx. Happens, that it is quick to grasp pigeons directly, in a high jump forcing down birds sharp-clawed paws. Before tamed caracals in the east used for hunting for hares and small antelopes, and also on pheasants and peacocks. Lives caracal in the North Africa and Southwest Asia — from Sahara to Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. It hunts more often at night, has a rest in a secluded refuge which arranges in holes of porcupines and foxes, and sometimes and simply in a den under bushes in the afternoon.


     Long to run caracal, in difference, say, from a cheetah, cannot. Therefore on hunting it at first creeps to extraction, and then overtakes its several big (to 4,5m) jumps. However on a short distance caracal can catch up even a deserted hare-tolaj. However, as the basic food to it are served not by hares or antelopes, and numerous in steppes and deserts small rodents (gophers, jerboas and sandwort). Only occasionally hedgehogs, porcupines, foxes or large lizards become its extraction.

Forest reservation «Turan»
     Extensive forest reservation in Big Hydrochloric desert (Deshte-Kevir). It is created in 1972, the area of 431 thousand in hectares. Protects flat deserted and mountain-steppe landscapes with rare thickets of xerophilous bushes and curtains of deserted cereals. In fauna rare species of animals (a striped hyena, a leopard, a cheetah, caracal, Middle Asian gazelle, a gazelle, and onager) are presented.

Lake Urmia
     Creating Iran, the nature has obviously stinted paints and exotic beauty. The east of this country is occupied with extensive deserts: famous for sandy storms hot Deshte-Lut and most lifeless of all deserts of world Deshte-Kevir, or the Big Hydrochloric desert — the huge plain, which surface on three quarters consists of clay and on a quarter — from salt. During a short season of spring rains it becomes the huge sea of salty dirt in which the whole caravans overtaken by an unexpected downpour in heart of terrible desert quite often sank.


     The central part of Iran — dissected by chains of the Middle-Iranian mountains high plateau which from the south borders a ridge rising on 4,5 km Zagros mountains, and from the north — a powerful wall of ridge Elbrus. The higher point of this last — a volcano Demavend — rises more than on 5, 5 km. It the highest active volcano of Eurasia almost equal to highest in Africa Kilimanjaro.


     All this set of mountains and high plains is called as plateau of Iran on a card and makes the country most part. Only in the northwest to it other adjoins absolutely on shape and an origin edge — a southern part of the Armenian uplands. Instead of deserts and stony intermountain plains steppes, though also dry enough, but capable to support numerous sheep herds here are spread. And instead of long and high ridges on it here and there the small picturesque hills surrounding cones of extinct volcanoes and seldom rising above 3 km above sea level rise.


     It is unlike on Iranian and wood vegetation of the Armenian uplands. Generally woods — the big rarity in Iran also occupy only one percent of territory, mainly in mountains in the south and the country north. But if on slopes of Elbrus it is damp subtropical thickets with a beech, a plane tree, an iron tree and a walnut, intertwined with an ivy, hop and wild grapes, and in Zagros mountains — dry wide leaf woods from an oak, a maple, an ash-tree and a pistachio in the northwest, to the south from the river Arake, there are only rarefied oak groves and light forests from a treelike juniper — Central Asian juniper.


     Farmers-Persians, and the Azerbaijanians who are engaged mainly in cattle breeding occupy a northwest part of the country not, and all this area usually name the Iranian Azerbaijan.