Architectural sights in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan has the rich history leaving in an extreme antiquity. In republic territory is more than 5000 archaeological and architectural monuments having historical value. Ancient Sights in Kirghizia are built by the most considerable governors of the world.


     Sights in Kirghizia culture are varied

Snow-storm tower
     Minaret X-XI centuries It is located in 12 km jugo-to the west Tokmok, on road to picturesque gorge Kegety of the Kirghiz ridge. Snow-storm towerThis monumental, cult construction concerns the period of domination of the Karahanids tribes owning 900 years ago mostly of Central Asia. It is combined from the burnt brick and Central Asian juniper bars. On an octahedral stone socle there is round in the section, a trunk narrowed up captured by belts of an ornamental laying. From a South side at height of 5 m there is a doorway from which the spiral staircase conducting to a viewing platform begins.

The tower height - 21 m, diameter - 9 m. Its former height presumably was 44-48 m. In territory surrounding a tower, as a result of excavation, remains of three mausoleums and dilapidated premises XI-XII Possibly are found out centuries, the Snow-storm was a vertical dominant of the ancient city of Balasagun, northern capital of Turk speaking the states of Karahanids.

In 1218 Balasagun has been grasped and destroyed by Tatars-Mongols and in XIV century has ceased to exist. In 1976 the Buranins site of ancient settlement has been declared by national park, restoration of a tower is spent and the Republican archeology-architectural museum (1977) is opened. A museum basis the Snow-storm tower, balbals - stone idols (VI - X centuries) makes, stones with a rock drawing (1 thousand years BC) and a museum with various archaeological exhibits.

Ak-Beshims site of ancient settlement
     In 6 km north west Snow-storms there is an Ak-Beshims site of ancient settlement (Suyab) - one of the cultural and economic centers of the Chujs valley (VI-VII centuries). The city occupied the big territory - shahristan (the city centre) with a citadel a total area of 35 hectares, to it adjoined rabad (craft suburb) about 60 hectares. City the districts, enclosed from an outer side a powerful wall, created symbiosis of city and rural settlement. As a result of excavation here have found remains of two Buddhism’s temples, Christian church, a palace construction, files of inhabited quarters, irrigational networks and other attributes of medieval architecture. It is supposed, that this initial arrangement of the city of Balasagun which subsequently have expanded on the east.


Krasnorechensky site of ancient settlement
     Krasnorechensky site of ancient settlement - remains of an ancient city in 38 km to the east of Bishkek. The sample of settled culture (V-X centuries). At excavation fragments of Buddhist painting and a sculpture have been found, and as a huge statue of the Buddha (from above 12) from cast clay with is thin the worked drapery and color painting. Zoroastrizm’s religions - ossuaries (bone storehouse), found in territory of the Krasnorechensky site of ancient settlement it is possible to see indispensable attribute in an archeology-architectural museum of "Snow-storm".

Kyrgyzstan photoTash-Rabat - a caravan-shed of XV century
     In northern part of the Kirghiz Republic Caravan-shed Tash-Rabat - an inn for merchants and travellers is located. It has been built in 15 century on an ancient trading way from Central Asia to China, is in 80 km from modern regional centre At-Bashi.


     This largest construction of the Central Asian architecture of that time, erected from a stone. Massive stone walls with two towers and a powerful entrance portal served as reliable protection to its lodgers.

Site of ancient settlement Koshoj-Gorgon
     Site of ancient settlement Koshoj-Gorgon - in 20 km to the West from At-Bashi. Represents remains of an ancient fortress 250х250 m (VIII - X centuries), serving military rate of specific governors in the east of the state of Karahanids. The sample of Muslim architecture located on caravan of a way.

Mausoleum Gumbez Manas’s
     Gumbez Manas’s (mausoleum) - in 20 km from the city of Talas at mountain Karool-Choku bottom. The monument of memorial - cult architecture of XIV century represents the portal - dome brick mausoleum with an internal lancet dome and an external ridge tent on the ribbed drum, crowning almost cubic volume. After reconstruction in 1970 the memorial complex "Manas Ordosu" has been opened, it includes Gumbez Manas’s, Memorial estate "Manas", a mosque. According to some information in 1334 in Gumbez the daughter of the emir has been buried, etc.

Ken-Kola a burial ground
     Ken-Kola a burial ground (Talass area) consists of more than 60 barrows concerning to 3 - 2 centuries BC

Osh
     Osh - one of the most ancient Asian cities. 3000 years ago the foot the four-head of mountain of the Bar-kuh (its height 160) had first settlements. In XIV century in its bowels the Sulejman-sheikh has been buried, and the mountain has received the name of Ottomans-and-sulejman (throne of Sulejman), Sulejman-too began to be esteemed as sacred mountain. Till now to it there are pilgrims, in hope to recover in a sacred place from an illness. Of it remind the multi-colored rags fastened on branches of trees and bushes. On a grief deepennings which under the legend are prints of horseshoes of a horse of prophet Babur are visible. On one of its tops there is house of Babur - mausoleum XVI-XVII of centuries.

The mausoleum the Shah-fazil Kyrgyzstan photo
     The mausoleum the Shah-fazil in village Safid-Bulend (Dzhalal-Abad area) presumably concerns to XI-XII the centuries, combined of a brick square on the octahedral drum, the mausoleum blocked by a dome, differs absence external and riches of an internal decor.

The city of Karakol
     The city of Karakol (Issyk-Kul area) since 1869 was an advanced post of Russia in near Issyk-Kul. Around landing stage there was a reloading point on road from Kazakhstan to Kashgar through Teskey Is scarlet-too. In the same place in 1892 the monument to the Przhevalsky, known Russian traveler and the researcher has been constructed. The monument height - 8,5 m, its weight - 365 tons, it represents the eagle who has spread wings sitting on stone rock, the weight of an eagle - 1 ton, wingspan - 3 m. Each detail of a monument has symbolical value. The museum, a chapel and a tomb of the traveler enter into a memorial complex Przhevalsky besides a monument.


     Among architectural monuments of Karakol are known: the Dungansky mosque (XIX century), constructed in style of a Buddhist pagoda, and the Christian church erected in 1871.


     In X-XII centuries round lake Issyk Kul the chain of settlements, along one of lines of the Great silk way was generated. 4-5 cities entered into a chain and more than hundred small settlements. Cities consisted of a citadel, of Shahristan and the rather freely located dwellings of farmers and cattlemen-nomads. During time of Kokand’s gains (XVIII century), on a course of advancement of armies were erected strengthenings – kokand’s fortresses. It, as a rule, was under construction on a height and was enclosed with the rectangular closed wall. Everywhere in territory of Issyk-Kulsky area there are archaeological and architectural monuments. On southern coast of Issyk Kul - ruins of a fortress of XIV century in the city of Cholpon-Ata the museum of petroglifs (rock paintings) was open-air stretched.

Sajmaly-Tash
     Sajmaly-Tash (in transfer with Kirghiz – painted stone) - one of the largest in the world of galleries of petroglifs. On a northeast slope of the Fergana ridge (near to Kazarman) 91900 drawings are found. At pass Kyogart, at height more than 3000 m – Saymali tash -2 - 15625 images. Only 107525 of petroglifs, concerning to III-II to a millennium BC.


     To historical-cultural tourist’s resources concerns material-spiritual culture of the Kirghiz people, original national traditions, customs, folklore, ethnic cuisine, numerous subjects of arts and crafts and a life, traditional national ceremonies and the dramatized representations organized on their basis concern also.