Petroglyphs Sajmaluu

  Sajmaluu-Tash in transfer from the Kirghiz means the figured stone, the embroidered stone.


     So the small gorge on a northeast slope of the Fergana ridge, around pass Kugart through which it is possible to pass from an agricultural valley Fergana in valleys internal Tjan-Shan is called. Here at height of 3000-3200 meters above sea level, there is one of the congestions of petroglyphic images - largest in the Central Asia, beaten out on basalt blocks. Sights in Kirghizia are ones of the oldest in the world.


     Geological feature of natural boundary Sajmaluu-Tash are rocky exits of basalt. Basalt - breed viscous, strong, and at physical destruction forms large blocks with almost smooth surfaces of spalling. The adder - black crust of deserted sunburn on a surface of stones possesses metal shaped, mirror shine.


     Petroglyphs are the rock paintings left on stones and rocks in many places of globe. The unique monuments which have come to us from time immemorial of our ancestors begin fine arts history. In spite of the fact that rock paintings are studied about 200 years, they remain till now a riddle.


     Sajmaluu-Tash - the congestion largest in the central Asia Petroglyphs - about 90 thousand. This grandiose sanctuary of ancient nomad tribes results in admiration of the strictest experts on primitive art; here set both single petroglyphs and multi figured compositions. Sajmaluu-Tash it is unique first of all riches and variability in time of the styles, from the most ancient - bronze epoch (3 centuries - the beginning of 1st millennium B.C. and by 8 century of our era.


     In variety of Petroglyphs of Sajmaluu-Tash scientists allocate some styles essentially differing one from another so it is accepted to carry to the most ancient geometrically shadow, i.e. bitriangle style where the image of an animal is given in the form of two connected triangles or a rectangle (3 - 1 thousand BC). Close an exposition on time - Petroglyphs of"skeletal" techniques with their elementary linear designations of static and lonely figures and conditional geometrical signs (1 - 8 centuries of our era).


     To so extensive time range quite there correspond also riches of plots, images and signs. The fauna is widely presented: elephants, lions, leopards, wolves, goats, a red deer, birds and reptiles. Pets are presented by horses, bulls and yaks. Multi figured compositions display hunting scenes, tameing of wild animals, remigration on mountain tracks, ritual dancings of dressed up, sun faced and moon shaped deities, their departures on un twin harnessed chariots and vehicles, dancings demonic, humanoids with the dog heads. Authors of serious scientific articles consider Sajmaluu-Tash as a monument of culture of world value.