Architectural sights in Tajikistan

Sights of Tajikistan is, first of all, ancient cities of this country, which more than 2500, and also the unique ancient monuments which have remained in their territory, samples of ancient architecture. Among the most interesting tourist places of Tajikistan it is possible to allocate such cities, as Pendjikent, Khojend, Gissar, Ur-Tjube (Istaravshan), Kurgan Tyube, Kulyab. Tajikistan is the high-mountainous country and represents considerable interest for climbers. Here there are such highest tops of Pamir, as peak Somoni (Communism) – 7495 m, peak Korzhenevsky – 7105 m and the biggest in the world a glacier valley type – glacier Fedchenko. In Tajikistan there is the most high-mountainous in territory of the former USSR a city – Murghab (more than 3500 m above sea level). A special place in the list of sights of Tajikistan occupy the magnificent nature of Pamir: The emerald lakes of Fansky mountains shrouded in legends, untouched natural harmony of national parks, the richest collections of plants of botanical gardens, curative forces of hot sources and many other things, that it is necessary to see own eyes. Ancient Sights in Tajikistan are built by the most considerable governors of the world.


     Sights in Tajik culture are varied.

Cities of Tajikistan
     In territory of modern Tajikistan ancient cities are located: Pendjikent, Khojend, Ur-Tjube, Kurgan Tyube, Kulyab. Thanks to the remained monuments of ancient architecture – to fortresses, Buddhist temples, Islamic mosques – these cities still store the press for a long time left times.


     Pendjikent. Located in Hudzhandsky region of Tajikistan, in a picturesque valley of the river Zeravshan, that in 70 km to the east from Samarkand, Pendjikent was one of the most developed cities in ancient Central Asia. Architectural monuments of civilisation Sogdian are the present masterpieces. The architectural composition of palaces and temples Pendjikent is unique and has no analogues neither in Central Asia, nor in other countries of the East. Large cultural centre Sogd (VI – VIII centuries). An ancient site of ancient settlement before muslim time with the rests of fortifications, temples, apartment houses, a sculpture. And also Stone Age monuments: to sapor Aktangi (neolith); settlement Sarazm (a bronze epoch).


     Khojend – capital of northern Tajikistan and the second-large city in the country, and also one of the oldest cities in Asia. Being in an input to Fergana valley, a city all centuries-old history prospered and grew rich, being one of the main centers of the Great Silk way. This epoch has left numerous palaces, mosques and a city citadel.


     Gissar, Ur-Tjube (Istaravshan) – ancient mosques, minarets, the mausoleums of a Muslim time, and here and there both ancient fortresses and ruins.


     Kurgan Tyube. In 12 km to the northeast from a city it is possible to examine well remained rests of a Buddhist monastery VII – VIII centuries (sanctuaries, cells, sculptures, wall lists).

Nature sanctuaries of Tajikistan


     Tajikistan is the country rich with surprising beauty of the nature. Here there are the highest mountains, snow-white glaciers, reserved zones, green blossoming fertile valleys.


     The highest mountains of Pamir. In the northeast there is the highest point of Tajikistan – peak Ismaili Somoni (in 1999 Tajikistan has renamed the highest seven thousand former USSR – Communism peak (7495 – into peak Ismaili Somoni, the founder of the Tadjik state).


     The high-mountainous city of Murghab is located at height more than 3500 m above sea level.


     The high-mountainous lake Astrakhan fur lays at height more than 3900 m above sea level near to line Osh-Horog.

Petroglifs
     Rock drawings – petroglifs, beaten out on rocks or separate stones of a figure of animals, people or the whole compositions, represent separate, very specific area of archaeological researches in Tajikistan and by present time is opened more than 10 thousand drawings on rocks. Mountains and valleys of Tajikistan, the people living in its territory, are mentioned in ancient sources of antique authors Piliniy and Ptolemey. About the travel to Pamir Venetian traveler Marco Polo wrote.


     Area of Pamir – the richest with rock drawings in Tajikistan. In total it is found more than 50 places. Most known of them are in settlement Ishkashim area. Some drawings are at height of 3200-3300 m above sea level. Drawings or are beaten out on surfaces of granite rocks by a stone or scratched with knife (later). The average size of drawings – 10-20 centimeters in length. The largest – 80 centimeters, and the small – 6 centimeters.
Plots of petroglifs, basically, are reduced to the image of scenes of hunting on mountain goats, yaks, deer hunters with onions and dogs rush. Also in petroglifs there are images of rubobs – a favourite musical instrument of local residents. Them here it is found nearby 300. Such quantity of drawings rubobs is not present more anywhere. Possibly, the national folklore of pamirians where rubob is as though an embodiment of the person has played the role.


     In 30 km from Khorog in the end of mountain gorge there is a Vybist-Dara area, also the richest a congestion of petroglifs. Here four groups of rock drawings. Unlike the majority of rock paintings on Pamir in which the basic plot hunting, drawings Vybist-Dara are devoted the image of the person and ornaments.


     The most ancient group of drawings concerns second half I thousand BC much petroglifs there are on East Pamir, near rests of an ancient city of miners of Market-Dara. Here images of the two-wheeled chariots harnessed with horses, mountain goats, archer, dressed in a peaked cap "are beaten out". Images are dated a bronze epoch.