Dushanbe - young city

Among capitals of the Central Asian republics Dushanbe - a young city. In the beginning of the last century, in its territory three ordinary-looking, dirty kishlaks settled down. Biggest of them was called as Dushanbe that "Monday" means. Named it so because here this day weeks the market gathered. Dealers coming here stopped in next kishlaks Shahmansur and Sary-Assii. On a place of these three settlements the capital of Tajikistan also has grown. In 1925 a city have confirmed what yet was not. Only year after here there was a first enterprise, but already everywhere there were new buildings, and the kishlaks which very soon were here were dissolved in greens of an under construction new city. The capital was built quickly, by the people who have mainly arrived here. In 1939 in a city was registered on 83 thousand inhabitants of many nationalities, and in second half of last century its population comes nearer to 335 thousand
     Dushanbe not only capital, but also the most considerable industrial, scientific and cultural center of republic.
     Hotels in Tajikistan are very comfortable so you can be connected with all places in the world trough fastest internet, service looks very kind with polite servers.
     Together with industry growth the science, formation, art developed. Capital Dushanbe - a city of students, a youth city.
     In Dushanbe many average special schools. In capital there is a Tadjik academy of sciences. It has passed a long scientifically-organizational way (since 1941 - branch AN of the USSR and since 1951 - academy). The Academy of sciences unites tens research establishments and the laboratories concentrated in five branches. History, economy and the literature, zoology and geology, botany and chemistry, seismology and astrophysics - here those branches of a science in which local scientists work. Researches of the Tadjik astronomers in the field of meteoric and comet astrophysics were recognized and abroad. Much is reached and in studying edge drives. The seismology institute develops methods of building of buildings which can maintain strong earthquakes.
     In Dushanbe the oldest theaters of Tajikistan work: Opera and ballet theater of a name of S.Ajni, drama theater of a name of A.Lahuti, drama theater.
     City museums are interesting. On the area of name Ajni established a new building in style of east architecture - the Republican incorporated museum. Its exhibits tell about the republic nature, about history of the Tadjik people, about economy development. It also acquaints visitors also with art schools of Europe and Asia. In capital the television center which transfers look not only in the city, but also in cities, settlements, kishlaks of Southern Tajikistan operates. Dushanbe quickly grows and develops. Capital investments every year increase by infrastructure development, on development of hotels, on tourism and service development.


     Originally the city was pawned on a left-bank high and equal terrace of the river Varzob. After city border were considerably moved apart basically to the south and the West (on a right bank). Dushanbe basically a city one-storeyed. Two - four-storeyed apartment houses, buildings of high schools and various establishments meet in the central streets and is more rare on suburbs. For architectural shape of Dushanbe prevalence of different styles is characteristic. Buildings, erected in the thirties under the influence of constructivism have remained. But there are more than the houses constructed during post-war time and including national motives: houses with columns, with oval or lancet arches, high reliefs, statues and other ornaments.


     Squares and parks of capital of solar Tajikistan are interesting. In its center the big green square was stretched. It is especially beautiful in the spring when bright beams of the southern sun are poured by a rainbow in the smallest splashes of high fountains. Opposite to square the building of Opera and ballet theater of a name of S.Ajni decorated with columns rises. The city area is attractive also. Landscapes of Dushanbe are beautiful.
     The river Dushanbinka divides a city on east and western. From its northeast party edge hills, there is no time naked and boring, now trees and bushes there grow. Behind hills a dark blue bulk of Hissar mountains with a dark failure leaving in depth of mountains of Varzobsky gorge.


     Mountains create an original microclimate of Dushanbe. Easy summer breezes fan a city constantly. In the afternoon they blow to mountains, and evenings and at night from mountains. Therefore even in July when the soil heats up till 60-70 °, right after a sunset there comes a cool. And inhabitants do not suffer so from closeness. Dushanbe is beautiful not only magnificence of mountains surrounding it and magnificent gardens. It is beautiful, first of all, direct wide streets which divide it into the correct squares of quarters framed with a white acacia, maples, poplars, plane trees. Even it is impossible to name these streets avenues because the foliage weaved over asphalt transforms many of them into the original tunnels which almost are not passing hot solar beams. Numerous lawns please with an abundance of colors.


     In a city some parks. The botanical garden is remarkable. In a zoo animals and birds of different continents of globe are presented. In a right-bank part where there was a waste ground burned out by the sun, there was an artificial lake with beaches, sports and boat stations, there to the late fall townspeople have a rest.