Palov and dorbozlik can be included to UNESCO intangible cultural heritage list


Узбекский плов

Uzbekistan proposed to include culture and traditions related to palof (pilaf) and rope walking art (dorbozlik) to the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage list.

Intergovernmental commission on protection of intangible cultural heritage will consider application of Uzbekistan on palov in November or December 2016 and dorbozlik in November 2015.

The application of Uzbekistan said that palov culture and tradition is practiced among all socio-cultural entities living in rural and urban areas of Uzbekistan: families, local communities, professional associations, cooking instructors, musicians and traditional handicrafts artisans.

Dorbozlik - rope walking art

Almost each family and local community (9756 mahallas – local self governing community), numerous professional associations are active in preservation, creative development and transmission of the nominated element to future generation. There are nation-wide common features in Palov culture and tradition (healthy meal, sense of community, hospitality, sharing and charity actions) despite to the varieties of cooking technologies or music performances in each community or region.

Palov culture and tradition originated many centuries ago, spread out within all territory of Uzbekistan. Differences of agriculture environment made an impact on regional diversity related with ingredients and cooking technologies. However, key Palov ingredients are the same: plant oil, meat, onion, carrot, rice, spices and water.

The nominated element practiced during traditional rituals (weddings, birthday parties, circumcision, funerals), week cycle of family daily life (at least one or two days), charity events organized in each family, local community or public food enterprises. Every cultural and educational establishment in Uzbekistan (schools, universities, libraries, museums, etc.) practicing element during folk and public holidays.

Dorbozlik - the rope-walker’s art is originated from the Fergana Valley and expanded across all regions of Uzbekistan. The current cities Quva (Ferghana region) and Asaka (Andijan region) are considered as homeland of this art. In the Middle Ages the leading masters demonstrated their skills in the big cities of China, India, Iran, Afghanistan and Russia.

The ХIХ and early ХХ centuries marked spreading of this art across all territory of Turkestan region, Tashkent became as a center of existence and spread of dorbozlik. "Nomadic" trips of family dorboz dynasties from Ferghana Valley, later transition of dorbozlik into the circus arena, tour of Tashkenbaev’s family troop around the world have contributed to the popularization of dorbozlik far beyond Uzbekistan.

Art of dorbozlik is widely represented in all national holidays, such as Navruz and Independence Day; festive events and during weddings.

It is popular genre of people creativity, as peculiar show of folk games, tricks on rope of big height – 20-25 meters and length of 30-35 meters.