Uzbek language

   The Uzbek language one of Turkic languages. It is extended basically in Uzbekistan (a country state language), partially in other Central Asian states of the former USSR, in Afghanistan and Sintszjan-Uigur independent area Peoples Republic of China. In the USSR, on census 1989, was about 16,7 million Uzbeks (the third ethnos on number after Russian and Ukrainians) from which about 16,4 million named Uzbek the native language; in Afghanistan Uzbeks about 1,2 million; taking into account fast growth of the Uzbek population modern figures above; Uzbek – one of the largest Turkic languages along with Turkish and Azerbaijan.

     For the Uzbek language, unlike related Turkic languages, absence sinharmonism (likening of vowels in a word), remained only in kipchak dialects is characteristic. In phonetics, grammar and lexicon considerably strong influence of the Persian language; in lexicon there are also numerous Arabian and Russian loans.

     Modern literary Uzbek language was generated on the basis of the Fergana-Tashkent group of dialects. Writing in the Uzbek language to 1930 existed on Arabian, in 1930–1939 on a Latin basis, with 1939 – on the basis of Russian drawing with some additional letters. In the Uzbek language the various original literatures is created. At the Uzbek schools on it teaching of all general educational disciplines is conducted; its use in the higher school extends; at Russian schools the Uzbek language is studied as a subject.