Nature of Uzbekistan

Чарвакское водохранилище

Rivers & lakes in Uzbekistan

For republic level of presence of water resources is vital. They occupy on extensive flat areas, approximately two thirds of territory of Republic Uzbekistan. At the same time the mountain areas located in the east of Uzbekistan, are cut strongly up by a wide network of the rivers. Such non-uniform distribution of superficial waters on republic areas is characterized by climatic and geographical features of Uzbekistan. Travel to Uzbekistan with our company because it is too easy to book tour into such beautiful places.

The basic area of formation of a drain within republic is its mountain part where the greatest quantity of dropping out deposits is necessary, evaporations in these areas are insignificant. The power supply of all existing rivers of Central Asia, including Uzbekistan, is mainly waters of a snow and glacial origin.

Урунгачские озера

The largest rivers of Central Asia make two river pools: SirDarya and AmuDarya. The river basin of SirDarya includes the rivers Narga, Kashkadarya, Chirchik, Ahangaran, Soh, Isfara, Akbura, Isfayramsay, Shahimardan, Gavasay and Kasansay; in a river basin of AmuDarya - Zaravshan, Kashkadarya, Surhandarya, Tupolangdarya, Sherabad. Inflows of the rivers as AmuDarya, and SirDarya basically proceed on republic territory only within the average and bottom current. In the conditions of a hot droughty climate many rivers dry up, partly in the summer because the water most part is used for an irrigation of farmlands, mainly the Khorezm oasis and Karakalpakstan.

On the average a current of this river the certain weight of water gets into the Amudarinsky channel, and then it irrigates the earth of Bukhara and Kashkadarinskii oases.

Unique large lake in Uzbekistan - salty Aral Sea located in the northwest of the country on border with Kazakhstan. The area of Aral Sea in 1980-1990th years was strongly reduced, as the most part of water of the rivers running into it is used for an irrigation of the earth. To 1998 coastal line of Aral Sea has receded places on 80 km, and the sea has broken up to three separate reservoirs.

The rivers of Uzbekistan form the drain basically at the expense of thawing of seasonal snow. A glacial and rain food of the mountain rivers slightly. In winter the basic power supply are underground waters. The largest rivers crossing territory of Uzbekistan, it is AmuDarya and SirDarya. They originate out of republic limits. Amu Darya within Uzbekistan appears an average and bottom part of the current (1415 km). From its inflows on republic territory proceed Surhandarya (175 km), Sherabad (177 km), Kashkadarya (378 km) and Zaravshan (877 km).

 Amu Darya

The river Amu Darya
The main river of Uzbekistan and the Central Asia. Oks and Yaksart - ancient names of AmuDarya and SirDarya.
The river AmuDarya in the extent of 2580 km, was formed as a result of merge of Vakhsh and Pjandj which originate on Pamir. It flows on the northwest, on northern border of Afghanistan with Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenia.


The river SirDarya
One of the basic rivers of Uzbekistan and the Central Asia. Oks and Yaksart - ancient names of Amu Darya and SirDarya.
The river SirDarya, ancient Yaksart, has extent of 2220 km, proceeds through Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. One of the main rivers of the Central Asia, SirDarya originates in Fergana valley, in a place of merge of the rivers Naryn and Karadarya which source in mountains Tjan-Shan.

Lake Ajdarkul

Lake Ajdarkul
Lake Ajdarkul name turquoise "the sea in sand". It is capable to admire and fascinate the most skilled many seeing on the earth of different beauty and rarities of the nature. The lake Ajdarkul is some kind of an ecological antipode of Aral Sea, huge drainless reservoir. Attracting to itself of the travelers who have got tired of desert and steppes.

Charvak Lake

Charvaksky water basin
The Charvaksky water basin is located in Bostanlyk area of the Tashkent area of Uzbekistan (northern part). It is on the river Chirchik a little bit more low on a current of a place of merge of the rivers Pskem and Chatkal, between spurs of Ugamsky and Chatkalsky ridges western Tjan-Shan. On the bank of a water basin numerous boarding houses, zones of rest and nurseries summer sports camp are located.

The information on mountains of Uzbekistan

Nuratin Mountains

Nuratin Mountains
Nuratin Mountains low, but rocky, consist of several chains. It Aktay (from a powerful ridge of marble), Karatau and actually Nuratau. Ridge Nuratau will extend from the east on the West on 200 km, very much rocks, it is strongly crossed and a little accessible to free movement. The top point of ridge Nuratau reaches 2169 m is a mountain Hajatbashi.


Chimgan mountains
The mountains Chimgan, located all in 80 km north east Tashkent, are one of the most popular vacation spots as local residents, and visitors from other countries. Low (average height nearby 1500) the mountain ridge in western part Tjan-Shan, is famous as one the best winter resorts of Asia. In mountains there is a set of resort settlements and hotels, the large quantity of the pedestrian and ski trails, and also popular slopes for mountaineering is laid.



Beldersay is a popular ski resort. It is situated in Gazalkent district of Tashkent region, in 80 km. from Tashkent and 5 km. from the ski resort “Chimgan”. Beldersay is a unique place, not many resorts can boast such a potential. Thanks to its unique climate the resort is actual during all seasons. One can see the gallery – rock paintings of ancient hunters (petroglyths) in the picturesque gorge of Beldersay.